Question 20. The values associated with this are: On an outline map of the world, locate and label the following: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Question 7. So they wanted to change the society. Question 5. Describe how Petrograd led the February Revolution of 1917 that brought down the monarchy in Russia. So, they demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. Question 3. How did the First World War affect the industry in Russia? (ii) When four members of the Assembly of Russian workers, which had been formed in 1904, were dismissed at the Putilov Iron works, there was a call for industrial action. Radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. Which incident sparked the French Revolution? How was society organised in Europe before the eighteenth century? Question 27. He wanted workers to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. 1.1 CBSE Class 12 History- Ancient India; 1.2 CBSE Class 12 History- An Imperial capital Vijayanagar; 1.3 CBSE Class 12 History- Bakthi Sufi traditions changes religious beliefs; 1.4 CBSE Class 12 History- Bricks breads and bones of Harrappan civilisation; 1.5 CBSE Class 12 History- Colonial cities urbanisation planning and architecture It gives an idea of what types of questions can be framed in the examination. Many people criticised the confusion in industrial production under the Planned Economy and the consequences of collectivisation Stalin and his sympathisers charged these critics with conspiracy against socialisation. So if a society as a whole rather than single individuals controlled property, more attention would be paid to collective social interests . They supported women’s suffragette movement. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body called the Second International. Conservatives were opposed to radicals and liberals. Severe restrictions were placed on political activity. Question 22. Answer: They argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government, a subject to laws interpreted by a well-trained judiciary that was independent of rulers and officials. Rasputin was a wondering peasant who eventually exerted a powerful influence over Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra, the last Tsar and Tsarina of Imperial Russia. All these forces were worried at the growth of socialism in Russia. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. His poor advices made the autocracy highly unpopular. Answer: Peasants worked on the land, and the kolkhoz profit was shared. There were several reasons behind it: (i) The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. Pro-government troops were sent to take over telephone and telegraph offices and protect the Winter Palace. Or Description. Answer: Answer: Their demands included a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in their working conditions. Or By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. On the 27th, the Police Headquarters were ransacked. Or The first part of the syllabus consists of chapter 1: matters in our surroundings, chapter 2: Is matter around us pure, chapter 3: atoms and molecules, chapter 4: structure of the atoms, chapter 5: the fundamental unit of life, chapter 6: tissues and chapter 7: diversity in living organisms. They also did not want the vote for women. Dec 18, 2020 - Important Questions : Nazism and the Rise of Hitler, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy, in place of several separate states. What were Lenin’s April Theses? He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. Suddenly, after the revolution, it seemed possible to change this. What were its consequences? (All India 2017) or Explain any four sources to reconstruct the history of Mauryas, Examine the system of Mauryan administration. Some were poor while others were rich. In Russia, the First World War (1914 – 1918) was initially popular and people showed faith in Tsar Nicholas II by rallying around him. You can practice the questions and check your answers from the solutions given after question question34s. Answer: The secret police was called the Chelca first, and later OGPU and NKVD. (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. the war be brought to a close, land be transferred to the peasants and banks be nationalised. Question 24. Important questions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 named Polynomials help the students to prepare for the Class 9 Mathematics Examination. Duma, an elected consultative Parliament, was created by the Tsar of Russia during the 1905 Revolution. Question 4. Explain how did Russia’s participation in the First World War created conditions for the fall of the Tsar. Land and other means of production were declared the property of the entire nation. Question 12. Our History experts give you accurate answers to questions for all these â¦ What was the biggest drawback of the liberals? Women were discriminated against. Workers are given much importance and there is every scope for their betterment. It was a movement to give women the right to vote. Answer: They were also in favour of private property but disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Uprisings took place in other cities. Question 2. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer, sought to build a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). It also develops skills for miscellaneous questions which are generally neglected by students. At that time the majority religion of Russia was Russian Orthodox Christianity. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. Answer: To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body which came to be known as the Second International. As they retreated, the Russian army destroyed crops and buildings to prevent the enemy from being able to live off the land. But Stalin’s collectiviasation programme did not bring the desired results. These three demands were Lenin’s ‘April Theses’. (i) Tsar’s Autocratic rule was not tolerable now. Answer: Question 11. In Khiva, in Central Asia, Bolshevik colonists brutally massacred local nationalists in the name of defending socialism. The social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905 was quite backward. Question 1. Industrial equipment disintegrated more rapidly in Russia than elsewhere in Europe. (iii) Some received education in the USSR’s Communist University of the Workers of the East. Thus, on one hand, the party stood for socialism and for change and so many welcomed it but on the other hand, the party encouraged censorship which disillusioned many. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Armies moved a good deal and fought battles leaving large casualties. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer and Louis Blanc in France were in favour of these ideas. Question 2. Which incident came to be known as ‘Bloody Sunday’? Question 15. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Answer: Who was Lenin? It was carried out by the Soviet Government in the late 1920s – early 1930s. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Or They went on a strike to fulfil their demands. MCQ Questions for Class â 9 Social Science History Chapter â 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers. Question 2. Craftsmen undertook much of the production, but large factories existed alongside craft workshops. How were Russian industries badly affected by the First World War? They disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Question 5. Answer: Question 16. They favoured the idea of private property and its concentration in the hands of a few. Question 3. Find the value of the polynomial 5x â 4x2 + 3 at x = 2 and x = â1. The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. Besides the territory around Moscow, the Russian empire included current day Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, parts of Poland, Ukraine and Belarus. Social Democrats disagreed with Socialist Revolutionaries about peasants. (i) Some believed in the idea of cooperatives. Several among them were talented professionals. By 1905, socialists and trade unionists formed a Labour Party in Britain and a Socialist Party in France. Lawyers, doctors, engineers and other middle class workers established the Union of Unions and demanded a Constituent Assembly. Why did Stalin introduce collectivisation and what were the consequences of his policies? What do you know about his ‘April Theses’? How did Karl Marx want to empower the workers? (Imp) Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution History Abhishek 08 Sept, 2018 Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included They demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. Answer: (iii) Over the next few days thousands of workers in St. Petersburg went on strike demanding a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in working conditions. They did want the vote for women. Answer: Question 32. Most of the trade unions and committees were declared illegal. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 2 â 8 Marks Questions. Download NCERT Books 2020-2021 for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. The regiments supported the workers. Labour was made compulsory for all. Mention the effects of this incident. However, because of government policy, it had to operate as an illegal organisation. They set up funds to help members in times of distress. They opposed the privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. Answer: Those who resisted collectivisation, were severely punished. Who were radicals? The Duma: Answer: Free Online MCQ Questions for Class 9 Social Science History with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. By night, the city was under the committee’s control and the ministers had surrendered. How was Kerenskii’s Provisional Government overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October 1917? They formed the Assembly of Russian workers whose membership rose dramatically. Answer: The Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet under Leon Trotskii to organise the seizure. Ans: There are a total of 15 chapters in CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus. In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. Since land was declared social property, So peasants began to seize the land of the nobility. Answer: As per your CBSE Class 9 syllabus, the India and the Contemporary World-1 (History) unit in Social Science covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Answer: Answer: Answer: In the world socialist movement too it was recognised that all was not well in the Soviet Union. A. For the people in cities, bread and flour became scarce. What triggered civil war in Russia? Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 with Answers from here. Why were some people in the Bolshevik Party initially surprised by it? What was the Duma? Marx believed that to free themselves from capitalist exploitation, workers had to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. Answer: This provoked the workers to go on a strike. Answer: (i) Karl Marx was a great socialist who wanted to eliminate the very concept of private property because it was the root of all social evils of the time. Stalin’s collectivisation policy angered the peasants. There was acute employment problem among the workers. The NCERT History Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. Workers in England and Germany began forming associations to fight for better living and working conditions. Who was Giuseppe Mazzini? Very Short Answer Type Questions. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. Explain the main features of the Mauryan administration. But there was unity among them. They felt that men of property mainly should have the right to vote. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Earlier, in the eighteenth century, conservatives had been generally opposed to the idea of change. (iii) Political conditions: Politically too Russia was a backward country. What was the basic idea behind building cooperatives? (Imp) Answer: Workers were a divided group. Question 1. Question 13. At dawn, pro-government military men seized the buildings of two Bolshevik newspapers. Who was Rasputin? He was an Italian nationalist who worked for the unification of Italy and led the Italian revolutionary movement. More attention is paid to collective social interests. In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile and took over power. Politicians spoke out against the measure.Demonstrators returned in force to the streets of the left bank on the 26th. Trade unions were kept under party control. However, Prime Minister Kerenskii had already left the city to arrange for the troops. It set up a newspaper, mobilised workers and organised strikes. Cooperatives were the associations of people who produced goods together and divided the profits according to the work done by members. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had opposed the war since 1914. Class 9 Social Science Chapter - Wise Marks Weightage. In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile. The Russian civil war was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions (red) to determine Russia’s political future. And Long Type Questions. Important questions, guess papers, most expected questions and best questions from 11th History have CBSE chapter wise important questions with solution for free download in PDF format. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings with Answers Pdf free download. An elected consultative Parliament or Duma was created. Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. On 22 February, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank of the river Neya.On 23 February, workers in fifty factories called a strike in sympathy. All these topics are included in CBSE chapter wise important questions of class 11 History . NCERT Solution Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 gives all the important topics in detail and pointwise. What did frustrated workers do on 23 February 1917? On 2nd March, the Tsar abdicated and Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a provisional government to run the country. They also opposed the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. We have Provided Rulers and Buildings Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. By the 1870s, socialist ideas spread through Europe. Lenin was very apprehensive of Kerenskii’s Provisional Government. The mechanised equipment itself would enable the extraction of greater surpluses than the peasant strip farm. (iii) Large suppliers of grain were sent to feed the army. Answer: It was a war started by Germany during the Second World War, which resulted in the mass murder of selected groups of innocent civilians of Europe. He did not want any questioning of his authority or any reduction in his power. (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. In the city of Magnitogorsk, the construction of a steel plant was achieved in three years. Answer: NCERT has a good image when it comes to publishing the â¦ In Such a society workers were exploited. Stalin’s collectivisation programme: Distinguish between the ideas of liberals and radicals. There were over 7 million casualties by 1917. Why did the Kerenskii Government in Russia fall? They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise. In many factories, women led the way to strikes. Socialism is a political and economic theory of social organisation which advocates that means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Chapter 2 History Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions (Quiz). Question 2. Strikes took place all over the country. Other vessels sailed down the river Neva and took over various military points. They were backed by French, American, British and Japanese troops. In this page, you can find CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science will make your practice complete. Positive aspects: Question 6. Or After September 1914 the front remained relatively unchanged until the end of the war in 1918. How did peasants react to this policy? Answer: (iii) Rapid construction of factory sites began. Here we present The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf Social Science History Chapter 1, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year exams. Answer: Question 7. (iii) The miserable condition of the Russian workers aggravated the situation. The eastern front was longer and so lower troop concentrations. Some believed in the idea of cooperatives, others felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. A Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet to organise the seizure. A communist society was the natural society of the future. What aggravated workers’ condition in February 1917? They believed in gradual change and establishment of a parliamentary form of government like that of France and Britain. What was Leninâs contribution in the Russian Revolution? . All the questions based on elements, compounds and mixtures are taken for the description of the chapter 2 of class ix science. These problems were growing with the growth of towns. It stretches to the Pacific and comprised today’s Central Asian states, as well as Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. What different visions of the future had socialists? Answer: Workers whose jobs needed skill and training considered themselves aristocrats among other workers. The fourth Duma was also of limited political influence. So, banks and industries were nationalised, so that they might not remain individual’s property. Russia’s industries were badly affected by the war. They were in favour of privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. The government fixed all prices to promote industrial growth during the first two ‘Plans’. (Delhi 2016) They accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? Between 1929 and 1931, the number of cattle fell by one-third. But the nineteenth century, they accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. On the basis they made the Five Year Plans. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. What were the three things that Lenin wanted to do after he returned to Russia in April 1917 from his exile? However the government suppressed their agitation by imposing curfew. Who ruled Russia and its empire in 1914? Or It brought men, women and children to factories. Answer: Answer: CBSE Important Questions for Class 9 Science play an important role in students preparation. Question 6. They felt men of property mainly should have the vote. Students can get Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions, CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Extra Questions and Answers designed by â¦ (iv) Although the international reputation of the USSR as a socialist country declined by the end of the . (iv) During 1918 and 1919, Socialist revolutionaries (the queens) and Pro-Tsarists (the whites) controlled most of the Russian Empire. Answer: Radicals. Answer: Answer: Explain. They did not believe in universal adult franchise. Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Answer: Question 10. What conditions led to the civil war in Russia in 1918-1920? Or Question 7. Answer: Socialists had different visions of the future: What was the collectivisation policy of Stalin? They believed in Universal Adult Franchise and supported this idea. Thus, Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution. What was the secret police in Russia called? Class 8 History Chapter 2 Question Answers CBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory is given below updated for session 2020-21. 11th History chapter have many topics. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist. Its industries and agriculture had developed and the poor were living a satisfactory life. By January 1920, the Bolsheviks succeeded in controlling most of the former Russian empire. Industrialisation changed the lives of people in Europe in the following ways: Question 20. The Russian peasants formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down. The radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. Question 30. Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, but treated such cultivators unsympathetically. Lenin and his supporters had opposed the war since 1914. Now he felt it was time for Soviets to take over power. (ii) Economic conditions: Before 1905, the vast majority of Russia’s people were agriculturists. In February 1917, food shortages were deeply felt among the workers. NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Social democrats disagreed with socialist revolutionaries about peasants. Anger and agitation could be seen everywhere among the soldiers as well as the common men. In the later years the Bolshevik party was known as the Russian Communist Party. Question 14. The membership of workers’ associations rose dramatically. Answer: The procession of workers led by Father Gapon reached the Winter Palace. Answer: Using this solution students will know all the possible questions which can come in the exam. Describe the economic condition of Russia before 1905. On 16 October 1917, Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. Socialists’ aversion for private property was highlighted. Socialists argued that individuals own the property that gave employment but the men with property were concerned only with personal gain and not with the welfare of those who made the property productive. 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Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Allied Powers → D. France, E. England, F. Russia, G. Ameriea (USA). Question 10. It was an elected Consultative Parliament of Russia. Class 9 Science Chapter 2 Important Questions of Is Matter Around Us Pure? Also after the chapter, you can get links to Class 9 History Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers etc. In France, Louis Blanc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace capitalist enterprises. Question 19. (ii) Stalin continued the policy of nationalisation initiated by Lenin. A large number of people were forced to make false confessions under torture and were executed. He deputed officials to assess how the economy could work and set targets for a five-year period. The majority religion was Russian Orthodox Christianity but the empire also included Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists. Over 100 workers were killed and about 300 wounded. The Allies For examples, France, Britain and Russia. Question 26. So, ace up your preparation with MCQ of Chapter 3 History Objective Questions. Defeats were shocking and demoralising. Many peasants protested such attempts and destroyed livestock to show their anger. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. They were forced to work long hours at poor wages. This party struggled for peasant’s rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. However, socialists cherished different visions of the future. How were the critics of planned economy and collectivisation treated by Stalin’s and his sympathizers? They campaigned to end the poor state of affairs in their country. At a meeting of the all Russian Congress of Soviets in Petrograd, the majority approved the Bolshevik action. What was the status of political parties in Russia before 1914? Divisions among workers showed themselves in dress and manners too. Answer: Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science History for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. Hence, they could not be part of a socialist movement. The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. What was the Bolshevik Party known as in the later years? Ultimately the Bolsheviks succeeded in controlling the Moscow Petrograd area by December. Which group in Europe looked to change society? The Tsar changed the voting laws and packed the Duma with conservative politicians who never questions his (Tsar’s) authority. They were not against the existence of private property, but dislike concentration of property in the hands of a few. They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise, They felt men of property mainly should have the voting right. (ii) The conditions of workers could not improve unless this profit was shared by them. Army officials, landowners and industrialists were influential in the Provisional Government. Universities closed down when student bodies staged walkouts, complaining about the lack of civil liberties. Before the eighteenth century society was broadly divided into estates and orders and it was the aristocracy and church which controlled economic and social power. What was the majority religion of Russia at that time? (iii) But liberals were not democrats. The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil â¦ The Petrograd Soviet was established in March 1917 after the February Revolution as a representative body of the city’s workers and soldiers. This was a direct blow on the Tsarist power which ultimately collapsed. They also supported women’s suffragette movements. A country ’ s rights and demanded a reduction in the countryside, socialists formed an international called. 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